Noun – Definition
To truly master English, you’ll need to know what is a noun and what the different variations are. You’ll also want to know how to use each one precisely so that you’ll be able to speak or teach English with confidence.
As for the definition, nouns are one of the basic building blocks of a sentence. They normally represent a person, animal, place, idea, emotion or thing.
Learning more nouns can help you master English better and use it more efficiently. They’re also one of the easiest topics to teach in English.
Examples of NOUNS:
Man (person), School (place), Dog (animal), Anger (emotion), Pencil (thing)
Noun Examples in a sentence
- The robber went to the bank and stole a lot of money.
- The father watched over his daughter as she rode her bicycle.
- Kevin threw a rock at a glass window of an abandoned building.
When to Capitalize a Noun?
Here are all the situations where you can use capitalization.
- The beginning of a sentence
- Names and titles of people
- First person personal pronoun
- Titles of works, books, and movies
- Months of the year
- Days of the week
- Names of seasons
- Names of holidays
- Names of countries and continents
- Names of regions, states, and districts
- Names of cities, towns, and villages
- Names of rivers, oceans, seas, and lakes
- Names of street, buildings, and parks
- Names of geographical locations
- Adjectives relating to nationalities
- Collective nouns for nationalities
- Language names
Most singular nouns form the plural by adding -s.
A singular noun ending in s, x, z, ch, sh makes the plural by adding-es.
A singular noun ending in a consonant and then y makes the plural by dropping
Irregular Plural Nouns
Here is a list of irregular nouns, some of the most common ones have been added to the list.
Some nouns have the exact same form in both singular and plural.
Irregular Plural Nouns and Verb Agreements
Irregular Plural Nouns that can use a singular verb.
|Plural Noun with Single Verb||Sentence|
|News||The news is showing tonight at 8.|
|Mathematics||Mathematics is an important subject.|
|Darts||Darts is a game that requires precision.|
|Billiards||Billiards is difficult to master.|
|Dollars||Fifty Dollars is a lot of money.|
|Miles||Twenty Miles is a long way to walk.|
|United States||The United States is a big country.|
Some nouns have a fixed plural form that uses a plural verb. They are not used in the singular, or they have a different meaning in the singular. Nouns like this
|Plural Noun with Plural Verbs||Sentence|
|Savings||My savings are limited to what I made last year.|
|Steps||These steps are difficult to follow.|
|Goods||These goods are worth a lot.|
|Wits||His wits are all he had.|
|Wages||Their wages were low.|
Grammatical Gender Nouns
In English grammar, there are four distinct genders to classify certain nouns: Masculine, Feminine, Common, and Neuter.
Masculine and Feminine Gender Nouns
Animal Gender Nouns
Common Gender Nouns
Common nouns refer to members of a species and don’t specify the gender.
Examples of COMMON GENDER NOUNS
Neuter Gender Nouns
Neuter Gender Nouns refer to things that are neither masculine nor feminine. They do not specify sex at all as they are usually non-living.
Examples of NEUTER GENDER NOUNS
Any Noun that can be counted, whether
|one dog||two dogs|
|one horse||two horses|
|one man||two men|
|one idea||two ideas|
|one plate||two plates|
|one school||two schools|
Here are some examples of how singular and plural nouns are used in a sentence.
- The man raised three dogs in his small little house.
- He gave me a book to read.
- There was a large sea monster eating all the fish.
- Bring me five oranges and I’ll give you one watermelon.
Anything that cannot be counted is an uncountable noun. Even though uncountable nouns are not individual objects, they are always singular and one must always use singular verbs together with uncountable nouns. Here is a sample list of uncountable nouns.
Uncountable nouns can be paired up with other words to express plurals. Putting them together can make your writing more specific. For example:
- Robert drank five glasses of water.
- Tiffany piled up ten bags of sand.
- Riley put three slices of cheese on his sandwich.
A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more words.
There are several different ways to combine nouns with another word.
- Noun + Noun = Bathtub
- Noun + Verb = Haircut
- Noun + Adverb = Passer-by
- Verb + Noun = Driving School
- Verb + Adverb = Drawback
- Adverb + Noun = Bystander
- Adjective + Verb = Public Speaking
- Adjective + Noun = Software
- Adverb + Verb = Under-bite
A proper noun or proper name is a noun that represents unique entities as distinguished among common entities.
For example, a common noun such as ‘country’ has no distinct characteristics, but ‘Greece’ is a proper noun which adds a unique quality to the common noun ‘country’.
|Common Noun||Proper Noun|
A collective noun is a type of noun that refers to groups that include more than one individual.
- A group of men
- A cast of actors
- A flock of birds
- A pack of wolves
- A batch of cakes
- A bowl of rice
These nouns can be followed with a singular or plural verb referred by a single or plural pronoun.
The singular form is used to emphasize on the group as a whole unit, whereas the plural form is used to emphasize on the individual members.
- A committee was appointed to consider this subject. (singular)
- The committee
wereunable to agree. (plural)
Concrete Noun and Abstract Noun
A concrete noun is a type of noun refers to physical entities that can be observed by at least one of the senses.
Example: Rock, Trees, Pencil, Wind, Oranges, etc.
An abstract noun, however, refer to abstract ideas or concepts.
Example: Fear, Courage, Justice, Power, etc.
Some nouns can be considered both an abstract noun and concrete noun. For example, Art can be a concept or idea that is appreciated, but it can also be a tangible piece of work.
Alienable Noun and Inalienable Noun
An alienable noun is something that does not belong to a person indefinitely, such as T-shirt, pants, rocks, trees, and wind.
However, An inalienable noun refers to something that is possessed definitely, such as mother, hands, neighbor, and hair.
Now that you’ve learned all about what is a noun, you’ll want to check out the other 8 parts of speech. Familiarize yourself with what is a pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.